Introduction to Drives and Traits:

Dogs are one of the most popular domesticated animals around the world. They come in different shapes, sizes, and breeds, each with a unique personality. However, they share standard drives and traits in dogs, which developed through centuries of domestication and selective breeding. This blog will discuss the most common drives and characteristics observed in dogs and subheadings for each paragraph. Note that each drive below is crucial for detecting dogs in the force. We must have the drives listed below before training begins, which we will test for before training. Drives and traits in dogs include all of the following.

Prey Drive:

This drive is an instinctual behavior in dogs that drives them to chase, catch, and kill small prey, toys, rags, chew, and play tug of war. It is seen more commonly in hyperactive dogs or working breeds bred for their ability to produce such drives. Dogs with high prey drive can be challenging to train; they tend to chew on everything from toys, chairs, complex objects, or soft objects. We have to redirect the genetic drive they have for motivation.

Hunt Drive:

Hunt drive is the desire to track and locate prey. Dogs with high hunt drive are involved in hunting activities, such as pointing, flushing, finding a missing person in the force, or retrieving. Retrievers, Hounds, Beagles, and pointers are breeds with high hunt drives. These dogs require specialized training to refine their instincts and focus their energy on hunting tasks.

Air Scent Drive:

This drive gives the dog the ability to detect and track scents in the air. Dogs with high air scent drive are in search and rescue operations, trained to locate missing persons or detect drugs or explosives. Breeds with high air scent drive include bloodhounds and German shepherds.

Retrieve Drive:

This drive is the desire of dogs to retrieve objects, such as balls or frisbees. Retrievers, spaniels, and some terrier breeds are known for their strong retrieve drive. These dogs can be trained to retrieve game during hunting activities or to participate in sports such as flyball or agility.

Play Drive:

Play is the desire of dogs to engage in playful activities. Play is an essential aspect of socialization and bonding for dogs. Dogs with high play drive enjoy interactive games with their owners or other dogs, such as tug-of-war, fetch, or wrestling.

Activity Drive:

Activity drive is the level of energy and desire for physical exercise that a dog has. Dogs with high activity drive require more training and physical activity to stay healthy and happy. Breeds with high activity drive include working and sporting breeds, such as border collies, Australian shepherds, Belgian Malinois, and Siberian huskies.

Character Traits:

Courage is an essential trait in dogs, particularly those used for working or protection. Courageous dogs are willing to face danger or threats to protect their owners or complete their tasks. This trait allows the dog to go the extra mile regardless of the situation. Breeds such as German shepherds and Belgian Malinois are police or military dogs for their high courage and bravery.

Confidence :

Confidence is another essential trait in dogs. Confident dogs are calm, assertive, and able to handle new situations or challenges easily. Breeds such as Labrador and golden retrievers are known for their secure and friendly personalities.


Hardness is the ability of a dog to handle physical or emotional stress without showing fear or aggression. This trait is essential in working dogs, such as police or military dogs, exposed to stressful or dangerous situations. Breeds such as Belgian Malinois and Doberman Pinschers are known for their hardness.


Softness refers to a dog’s sensitivity to its surroundings. This trait is when a dog remembers being scared or hurt. Soft dogs are affectionate and responsive to positive reinforcement training methods. Breeds such as Cavalier King Charles Spaniels and Shih Tzus are known for their gentle personalities and ability to form close bonds with their owners.


Now that you understand the Drives and traits in dogs. It’s important to note that certain dog breeds may have more drives or traits. Every dog is unique and may not necessarily exhibit all of these characteristics. Every dog has their own personality and behavior, and it’s essential to understand and work with your dog’s unique traits and needs to ensure a healthy and happy relationship between you and your furry friend. If you want to learn more drives, go to my Facebook page @, where I will share more!